[ Retrospective ] [ Venue ] [ Competition ] [ Results ] [ Highlights ] [ Conclusion ] [ Legacy ]



The International Yacht Racing Union (IYRU)

 IYRU (now known as International Sailing Federation - ISAF) is the international federation for the sport of yachting (now known as sailing).  It was founded in 1907 and was headquartered in London. The IYRU delegation was headed by President Beppe Croce (ITA) and Secretary- General Nigel Hacking (GBR). Technical delegates were Sven Hultin (FIN), Chairman of the IYRU Measurement Committee and Tony Watts (GBR), IYRU Chief Measurer. (Click here to see Tony & Sven). The rest of the delegation made up the Measurement Committee and IYRU Jury.

Yachting Classes

There were seven international "one-design" classes designated by IYRU to compete in the 1984 Olympic Regatta. They were:

International Finn

Origin: Finland 1952 
        Designer: Ricard Sarby
        LOA: 4.5 m Beam: 1.5 m
        Sail area: 10.2 mq
        Number of crew: 1

International Flying Dutchman

Origin: Holland 1951
        Designer: Conrad Gircher, Uffa Van Essen
        LOA: 6 m Beam: 1.8 m
        Sail area: 18.1 mq
        Number of crew: 2

 International 470

Origin: France 1963
    Designer: Andre' Cornu
    LOA: 4.7 m Beam: 1.7 m
    Sailarea: 12.7 mq
                      Number of the crew: 2


 International Soling

Origin: Norway 1967 
    Designer: Jean Herman Linge
    LOA: 8.15 m Beam: 1.90 m
    Sailarea: 21.70 mq
    Number of the crew: 3


International Star

Origin: USA 1911
    Designer: William Gardner
    LOA: 6.92 m Beam: 1.73 m
    Sailarea: 26 mq
                                          Number of the crew: 2


International Tornado

Origin: Great Britain 
    Designer: Rodney Marsh
    LOA: 6.1 m Beam: 3 m
    Sailarea: 20.4 mq
                Number of the crew: 2


 International Windglider

 Origin: Germany
 Designer: Fred Ostermann
 LOA: 3.9 m Beam: 0.65 m
 Sailarea: ~6 mq
 Number of the crew: 1

All classes, except the International Finn & Windglider were to be supplied by their own NOCs. In the case of these two classes, LAOOC provided the yachts. In the case of the
Finn Class, 40 boats built by Vanguard of Pewaukee, Wisconsin (then and now Harken - of Peter & Olaf fame) were purchased by LAOOC.
Bic Marine of France, supplied the International Windgliders.

Field of Play

The inclusion of a seventh class - the International Windglider - resulted in the addition of a fourth course circle for the first time in the Olympics. The total water area of the four course circles, including the U.S. Coast Guard "restricted area" around the circles, was in access of  40 square miles!!

The Windglider class raced on "Alpha" circle, which was inside the Long Beach breakwater. The Finns and 470s sailed on "Bravo", the Solings and Stars on "Charlie" and the Flying Dutchman and Tornado classes on "Delta". The later three circles were outside the breakwater in the Pacific Ocean.
Click here to view a diagram of the circle locations.



NOC entries for the 1984 Olympic Regatta were the largest ever by a substantial number, despite the Soviet Bloc boycott. 60 NOCs entered with a total of 172 yachts, which far exceeded the previous record set in Naples in 1960 of 46 NOCs. The addition of the board sailing class to the 1984 program was instrumental to the record turnout.


Measurement of all "one design" classes is to ensure that that their hulls, spars, sails and other
equipment conform to class rules.  The term "one-design" refers to a class boats' strict standards for materials and methods used in construction. Ultimately, each Olympic boat -- built only by IYRU licensed boat builders to precise size and weight specifications -- is identical to all others in its class. The purpose of "one-design" class racing is to allow the best sailor -- not the best boat -- to win.

After three years of pre-Olympic regattas training and with the help of each class's International Measurer and the IYRU Measurement Committee and sophisticated equipment, measurement commenced two weeks before the regatta begin. Even though there were 95 hull, sail or equipment deficiencies recorded, all yachts were eventually measured in.